Windows 7 is a major release of the Windows NT operating system developed by Microsoft. It was released to manufacturing on July 22,and became generally available on October 22, It remained an operating system for use on personal computers, including home and business desktopslaptopstablet PCs and media center PCs, and itself was replaced in November by Windows 8the name spanning more than three years of the product. Until April 9,Windows 7 RTM provided content such as security updates, software updates, PC driver updates and technical support, after which installation of Service Pack 1 is required for users to receive support and updates.
Windows 7's server counterpart, Windows Server R2was released at the same time. A support program is currently available for enterprises, providing security updates for Windows 7 for up to four years since the official end of life. Windows 7 was intended to be an incremental upgrade to Microsoft Windowsaddressing Windows Vista's poor critical reception while maintaining hardware and software compatibility.
Windows 7 continued improvements on Windows Aero the user interface introduced in Windows Vista with the addition of a redesigned taskbar that allows applications to be "pinned" to it, and new window management features.
Other new features were added to the operating system, including libraries, the new file-sharing system HomeGroup, and support for multitouch input. A new "Action Center" interface was also added to provide an overview of system security and maintenance information, and tweaks were made to the User Account Control system to make it less intrusive. Windows 7 also shipped with updated versions of several stock applications, including Internet Explorer 8Windows Media Playerand Windows Media Center.
Unlike Vista, Windows 7 received critical acclaim, with critics considering the operating system to be a major improvement over its predecessor because of its improved performance, its more intuitive interface with particular praise devoted to the new taskbarfewer User Account Control popups, and other improvements made across the platform.
Windows 7 was a major success for Microsoft; even before its official release, pre-order sales for the operating system on the online retailer Amazon. In just six months, over million copies had been sold worldwide, increasing to over million licenses by July By JanuaryWindows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows worldwide;  and by MayWindows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows in China.
Major features were planned for Blackcomb, including an emphasis on searching and querying data and an advanced storage system named WinFS to enable such scenarios. However, an interim, minor release, codenamed "Longhorn," was announced fordelaying the development of Blackcomb. After three major malware outbreaks—the BlasterNachiand Sobig worms—exploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short time period in August Microsoft changed its development priorities, putting some of Longhorn's major development work on hold while developing new service packs for Windows XP and Windows Server Development of Longhorn Windows Vista was also restarted, and thus delayed, in August A number of features were cut from Longhorn.
When released, Windows Vista was criticized for its long development timeperformance issues, spotty compatibility with existing hardware and software at launch, changes affecting the compatibility of certain PC games, and unclear assurances by Microsoft that certain computers shipping with XP before launch would be "Vista Capable" which led to a class-action lawsuitamong other critiques. As such, the adoption of Vista in comparison to XP remained somewhat low. These were broadly divided into "core operating system" and "Windows client experience", in turn organized into 25 teams of around 40 developers on average.
In Octoberit download tema code breaker windows 7 free announced that Windows 7 would also be the official name of the operating system. Other areas did not beat XP, including PC Pro benchmarks for typical office activities and video editing, which remain identical to Vista and slower than XP. On May 5,it became available to the general public, although it had also been leaked onto the Internet via BitTorrent. Windows 7 RTM is build Among Windows 7's new features are advances in touch and download tema code breaker windows 7 free recognition support for virtual hard disks improved performance on multi-core processors,     improved boot performance, DirectAccessand kernel improvements.
Windows 7 adds support for systems using multiple heterogeneous graphics cards from different vendors Heterogeneous Multi-adapter a new download tema code breaker windows 7 free of Windows Media Center a Gadget for Windows Media Center, improved media features, XPS Essentials Pack  and Windows PowerShell  being included, and a redesigned Calculator with multiline capabilities including Programmer and Statistics modes along with unit conversion for length, weight, temperature, and several others.
ReadyBoost on bit editions now supports up to gigabytes of extra allocation. Windows 7 also supports images in RAW image format through the download tema code breaker windows 7 free of Windows Imaging Component -enabled image decoders, which enables raw image thumbnails, previewing and metadata display in Windows Explorer, plus full-size viewing and slideshows in Windows Photo Viewer and Windows Media Center. The taskbar has seen the biggest visual changes, where the old Quick Launch toolbar has been replaced with the ability to pin applications to the taskbar.
Buttons for pinned applications are download tema code breaker windows 7 free with the task buttons. These buttons also enable Jump Lists to allow easy access to common tasks, and files frequently used with specific applications.
To the far right of the system, the clock is a small rectangular button that serves as the Show desktop icon. By default, hovering over this button makes all visible windows transparent for a quick look at the desktop.
Window management in Windows 7 has several new features: Aero Download tema code breaker windows 7 free maximizes a window when it is dragged to the top, left, download tema code breaker windows 7 free right of the screen. When a user moves windows that were snapped or maximized using Snap, the system restores their previous state. Snap functions can also be triggered with keyboard shortcuts.
Aero Shake hides all inactive windows when the active window's title bar is dragged back and download tema code breaker windows 7 free rapidly. Users are able to disable or customize many more Windows components than was possible in Windows Vista. Windows Defender is included; Microsoft Security Essentials antivirus software is a free download.
All editions include Shadow Copywhich—every day or so—System Restore uses to take an automatic "previous version" snapshot of user files that have changed.
A new system known as "Libraries" was added for file management; users can aggregate files from multiple folders into a "Library. The system is also used as part of a new home networking system known as HomeGroup; devices are added to the network with a passwordand files and folders can be shared with all other devices in the HomeGroup, or with specific users.
The default libraries, along with printers, are shared by default, but the personal folder is set to read-only access by other users, and the Public folder can be accessed by anyone. Windows 7 includes improved globalization support through a new Extended Linguistic Services API  to provide multilingual support particularly in Ultimate and Enterprise editions. Microsoft also implemented better support for solid-state drives including the new TRIM commandand Windows 7 is able to identify download tema code breaker windows 7 free solid-state drive uniquely.
Native support for USB 3. NET -based WCF web services new features to simplify development of installation packages and shorten application install times. Additionally, users can now adjust the level at which UAC operates using a sliding scale. Certain capabilities and programs that were a part of Windows Vista are no longer present or have been changed, resulting in the removal of certain functionalities; these include the classic Start Menu user interface, some taskbar featuresWindows Explorer featuresWindows Media Player featuresWindows Ultimate ExtrasSearch button, download tema code breaker windows 7 free InkBall.
Windows 7 is available in six different editions, of which the Home PremiumProfessionaland Ultimate were available at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on most new computers. Home Premium and Professional were aimed at home users and small businesses respectively, while Ultimate was aimed at enthusiasts. Each edition of Windows 7 includes all of the capabilities and features of download tema code breaker windows 7 free edition below it, and adds additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Professional adds additional networking and security features such as Encrypting File System and the ability to join a domain.
Ultimate contained a superset of the features from Home Premium and Professionalalong with other advanced features oriented towards power users, such as BitLocker drive encryption; unlike Windows Vista, there were no " Ultimate Extras " add-ons created for Windows 7 Ultimate.
The remaining three editions were not available at retail, of which two were available exclusively through OEM channels as pre-loaded software. The Starter edition is a stripped-down version of Windows 7 meant for low-cost devices such as netbooks.
In comparison to Home Premium, Starter has reduced multimedia functionality, does not allow users to change their desktop download tema code breaker windows 7 free or theme, disables the "Aero Glass" theme, does not have support for multiple monitors, and can only address 2GB of RAM.
All editions aside from Starter support both IA and x architectures download tema code breaker windows 7 free, Starter only supports bit systems. The installation media for consumer versions of Windows 7 are identical, the product key and corresponding license determines the edition that is installed. The Windows Anytime Upgrade service can be used to purchase an upgrade that unlocks the functionality of a higher edition, such as going from Starter to Home Premiumand Home Premium to Ultimate.
Support for Windows 7 without Service Pack 1 ended on April 9,requiring users to update in order to continue receiving updates and support after 3 years, 8 months, and 18 days.
Mainstream support for Windows 7 ended on January 13, Extended support for Windows 7 ended on January 14, On September 7,Microsoft announced a paid "Extended Security Updates" service that will offer additional updates for Windows 7 Professional and Enterprise for up to three years after the end of extended support.
Variants of Windows 7 for embedded systems and thin clients have different support policies: Windows Embedded Standard 7 support ended in October Instead, a more complex patching tool, that allows the installation of pirated Extended Security Updates, ended up being the only solution to allow consumer variants to continue to receive updates.
This will mark the final end of the Windows NT 6. In MarchMicrosoft announced that it would display notifications to users informing users of the upcoming end of support, and direct users to a website urging them to purchase a Windows 10 upgrade or a new computer.
In Augustresearchers reported that "all modern versions of Microsoft Windows" may be at risk for "critical" system compromise because of design flaws of hardware device drivers from multiple providers. In SeptemberMicrosoft announced that it download tema code breaker windows 7 free provide free security updates for Windows 7 download tema code breaker windows 7 free federally-certified voting machines through the United States elections.
Additional requirements to use certain features: . The maximum amount of RAM that Windows 7 supports varies depending on the product edition and on the processor architecture, as shown in the following table. The x86 editions of Windows 7 support up to 32 logical processors; x64 editions support download tema code breaker windows 7 free to 4 x In JanuaryMicrosoft announced that it would no longer support Windows platforms older than Windows 10 on any future Intel-compatible processor lines, citing difficulties in reliably allowing the download tema code breaker windows 7 free system to operate on newer hardware.
Microsoft stated that effective July 17,devices with Intel Skylake CPUs were only to receive the "most critical" updates for Windows 7 and 8.
Microsoft and their hardware partners provide special testing and support for these devices on 7 and 8. On March 18,in response to criticism from enterprise customers, Microsoft delayed the end download tema code breaker windows 7 free support and non-critical updates for Skylake systems to July 17,but stated that they would also continue to receive security updates through the end of extended support.
However, the restrictions on newer CPU microarchitectures remain in force. Security updates released since March contain bugs which affect processors that do not support SSE2 extensions, including all Pentium III processors.
Microsoft initially stated that it would attempt to resolve the issue, and prevented installation of the affected patches on these systems. However, on June 15,Microsoft retroactively modified its support documents to remove the promise that this bug would be resolved, replacing it with a statement suggesting that users obtain a newer processor.
This effectively ends future patch support for Windows 7 on these systems. A beta was released on July 12, In addition, it adds support for Advanced Format e as well as additional Identity Federation Services. In Europe, the automatic nature of the BrowserChoice.
This update backports some features found in Windows 8. Windows Management Framework 5. It was released on February 24,  and was eventually superseded by Windows Management Framework 5. The rollup is not available via Windows Update, and must be downloaded manually. This package can also be integrated into a Windows 7 installation image. Since Octoberall security and reliability updates are cumulative. Downloading and installing updates that address individual problems is no longer possible, but the number of updates that must be downloaded to fully update the OS is significantly reduced.
In JuneMicrosoft announced that they'll be moving Windows 7 to a monthly update model beginning with updates released in September  - two years after Microsoft switched the rest of their supported operating systems to that model.
With the new update model, instead of updates being released as they became available, only two update packages were released on the second Tuesday of every month until Windows 7 reached its end of life - one package containing security and quality updates, and a smaller package that contained only the security updates.
Users could choose which package they wanted to install each month. Later in the month, another package would be released which was a preview of the next month's security and quality update rollup. Installing the preview rollup package released for Windows 7 on March 19,or any later released rollup package, that makes Windows more reliable.